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Events on Monday, November 9th, 2015

Plasma Physics (Physics/ECE/NE 922) Seminar
Dynamics of a reconnection-driven runaway ion tail in a reversed field pinch plasma/ Effect of Resonant Magnetic Perturbations on 3D equilibria in the MST RFP
Time: 12:00 pm
Place: 2241 Physics Bldg
Speaker: Jay Anderson/Stefano Munaretto, UW Madison, Plasma Physics
Abstract: Jay Anderson:
Non-collisional heating and energization of ions is a powerful process in
reversed-field pinch (RFP) plasmas and in many astrophysical settings.
Tearing activity in the RFP (including linearly and nonlinearly driven modes
which span the plasma column) saturates through dynamo-like feedback on
the current density profile, rapidly releasing magnetic energy and inducing
a strong impulsive, parallel-to-B electric field as poloidal magnetic flux is
converted to toroidal flux. The global reconnection leads to strong ion heating
with a known anisotropy in temperature (T_perp > T_{||}), suggestive of a
perpendicular bulk heating mechanism.
In the subset of strongest reconnection events, multiple mechanisms combine to
create a most interesting ion distribution. Runaway of the reduced-friction naturally heated ions generates an asymmetric ion tail with E_{||} >> E_perp. The tail is reinforced by a confinement asymmetry, where runaway ions approach the limit of classical cross-field transport despite magnetic stochasticity from the broad spectrum of tearing modes. Confinement is lower in other regions of the
v_perp/v_{||} plane and reduces to Rechester-Rosenbluth-like transport experienced by thermal particles.

Stefano Munaretto:
The orientation of 3D, stellarator-like equilibria in the MST RFP can now be controlled with application of an m = 1 RMP. This has led to greatly improved diagnosis, revealing enhancements in both the central electron temperature and density. Coupled to a recent advance in the V3FIT code, reconstructions of the 3D equilibria have also been dramatically improved. The RMP also inhibits the generation of high-energy > 20 keV electrons that is otherwise common with the 3D state. This state occurs when the normally broad spectrum of core-resonant m = 1 tearing modes condenses, with the innermost resonant mode growing to large amplitude, reaching ~ 8% of the axisymmetric field strength. This occurs in plasmas of sufficiently large Lundquist number ~ IpTe^3/2, and the duration of the state is maximized with zero applied Bt (infinite toroidal beta). As the dominant mode grows, eddy current in MST's conducting shell slows the mode's rotation. This leads to locking of the 3D structure, but with an orientation that varies randomly shot to shot, making diagnosis difficult. An m = 1 RMP can now be applied with an array of saddle coils at the vertical insulated cut in the shell. With an amplitude br/B ~ 10% and a tailored temporal waveform, the RMP can force the 3D structure into any desired orientation relative to MST's diagnostics. A recent advance in V3FIT allows calculation of the substantial helical image current flowing in MST's shell, which has in turn allowed self-consistent utilization of both external and internal (Faraday rotation) measurements of the magnetic field. The ORBIT code predicts reduced stochasticity and improved confinement of high-energy electrons within the 3D structure. The suppression of these electrons by the m = 1 RMP may reflect a change to the central magnetic topology. The generation of these electrons is unaffected by non-resonant perturbations, such as m = 3.
Host: Plasma Physics
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