Events at Physics
Part I: Polarization and hyperfine transitions of metastable 129Xe in discharge cell
The polarization and relaxation rates of metastable 129Xe atoms are measured with magnetic resonance spectroscopy, at both microwave frequencies, where ΔF = 1 transitions are induced between the sublevels, and at radiofrequencies, corresponding to ΔF = 0 transitions. Unlike earlier work, which mostly used ΔF = 0 radiofrequency (rf) resonances for monitoring spin polarization of even isotopes of the metastable atoms, the work reported here was focused on the isotope 129Xe , where we used both ΔF = 0 rf resonances and Δ F = 1 microwave resonances. This permits us to more unambiguously determine the degree of nuclear spin polarization of the optically pumped metastable atoms. The nuclear spin polarization of the resonant velocity group is measured to be 22 +/- 2%. The relaxation of metastable xenon atoms is dominated by depolarizing collisions with ground state atoms, with lesser contributions from metastability exchange collisions.
Part II: Nonlinear Pressure Shifts of Cs Atoms in Neon
I demonstrate that the hyperfine resonance frequency of ground state Cs atoms have a nonlinear dependence on the pressure of the buffer gas Ne at a fixed temperature. The hyperfine resonance frequency of alkali-metal atoms is shifted by an amount, which had long been assumed to be linear with the buffer gas pressure until Fei Gong discovered that the shift of Rb and Cs hyperfine resonance frequency has a nonlinear dependence on the pressure of the buffer gas Ar and Kr. I found that the nonlinear pressure shift of Cs hyperfine frequency in Ne is positive. The reason of the nonlinear shift is the three body collision (eg: Cs-Ne-Ne) and the formation of Van der Waals molecules of a Cs atom and a buffer gas atom of Ar, Kr, or Ne. The hyperfine precession rate of a Cs atom bound in molecule has a shift respect to a free Cs atom.