Abstract: In this talk sociologist Elaine Howard Ecklund (Rice University) shares empirical insights from her research on how scientists understand diversity in science. Specifically she discusses how images of the ideal scientist keep underrepresented groups out of science. Her remarks will draw on two research studies, including an examination of how academic physicists and biologists view gender discrimination and family life in relationship to the academic science career. She also draws on data from an eight nation study of how biologists and physicists view religious discrimination and gender discrimination in science. Her talk will end with best practices for diversifying academic science.