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Physics Department Colloquium
Neutrino Tomography: A journey into the interior of Earth
Date: Friday, October 6th
Time: 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm
Place: Chamberlin 2241
Speaker: Sanjib Kumar Agarwalla , Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India and Physics Department and WIPAC, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Abstract: Neutrinos produced in cosmic ray interactions in the atmosphere provide a unique and independent probe to explore the internal structure and composition of the deep Earth, which is complementary to traditional seismic and gravitational measurements and pave the way for multi-messenger tomography of Earth. I will discuss the two different approaches to perform Earth tomography with neutrinos: (i) neutrino absorption tomography, based on partial absorption of a high-energy TeV-PeV neutrino flux as it propagates through Earth and (ii) neutrino oscillation tomography, based on Earth matter effects due to the coherent forward scattering of multi-GeV neutrinos with the ambient electrons modifying neutrino oscillation patterns. I will subsequently show how well the DeepCore detector, a densely instrumented sub-array of the IceCube neutrino observatory at the South Pole, can observe these Earth matter effects in atmospheric neutrino oscillations using 9.3 years of data. We will further demonstrate that these matter effects in oscillations of atmospheric neutrinos can be used to establish the layered structure inside Earth and measure the mass of Earth and mass of core. I will conclude my talk discussing the remarkable physics reach of a new extension of DeepCore to be deployed in the Antarctic summer 2025/26, called the IceCube Upgrade.
Host: Prof. Francis Halzen
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