Events at Physics
Events on Thursday, September 29th, 2016
- Cosmology Journal Club
- An Informal discussion about a broad variety of arXiv papers related to Cosmology
- Time: 12:15 pm
- Place: 5242 Chamberlin Hall
- Abstract: Please visit the following link for more details:
Please feel free to bring your lunch!
If you have questions or comments about this journal club, would like to propose a topic or volunteer to introduce a paper, please email Amol Upadhye (email@example.com).
- Host: Amol Upadhye
- Astronomy Colloquium
- Nuclear clusters and (supermassive) black holes
- Time: 3:30 pm
- Place: 4421 Sterling Hall, Coffee and cookies 3:30 PM, Talk at 3:45 PM
- Speaker: Fabio Antonini, Northwestern University
- Abstract: Massive stellar clusters are often found at the photometric and kinematic centers of galaxies. Such nuclear clusters are the densest stellar systems observed in the local universe, representing a natural environment where compact object binaries can dynamically form, harden and merge. I will discuss the dynamical processes that lead to the merger of black hole binaries in nuclear clusters in connection to the origin of the binary black hole mergers recently detected by Advanced LIGO. I will show that nuclear clusters can produce a significant population of black hole binaries that merge in the local universe, and that these binaries have clear differences in the statistical distributions of their properties (e.g., mass, eccentricity) when compared to those formed either in globular clusters or through isolated binary evolution. Finally, I will consider the evolution of supermassive black hole binaries that are formed in nuclear clusters during the merger of galaxies. The results of N-body and Monte Carlo simulations show that coalescence times fall in the range from 10^8 yr to a few Gyr. These results constitute a fully stellar-dynamical solution to the ''final-parsec problem'' and imply a high rate of events for planned low-frequency gravitational wave detectors like eLISA.
- Host: UW Astronomy Department