Graduate Program Events

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Events During the Week of May 14th through May 21st, 2023

Sunday, May 14th, 2023

Graduate School Spring 2023: Doctoral degree deadline
Time: 11:55 pm - 12:55 am
Abstract: Degree candidates must complete all steps: CONTACT: 262-2433,
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Monday, May 15th, 2023

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Tuesday, May 16th, 2023

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Wednesday, May 17th, 2023

PhD Final Defense
Nanoscale metrology using the spin and charge states of single nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond
Time: 11:00 am - 1:00 pm
Place: 5310 Chamberlin
Speaker: Aedan Gardill, Physics Graduate Student
Abstract: The nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond has shown great success as a nanoscale sensor due to its long coherence times at room temperature, its ability to be optically addressed, its sensitivity to a host of external fields, and having technical and logistical advantages due to being naturally trapped within the diamond. They have been used in a broad range of applications, including condensed matter physics, biology, geographical science, and commercial magnetometers. In this thesis, new nanoscale measurement techniques using single NV centers are presented that utilize their spin and charge states. First, the spin relaxation dynamics of single NV centers in nanodiamonds are measured, which sheds light on the electric noise spectral density of these nanodiamonds. Additionally, these measurements investigate the sources that limit coherence times of NV centers in nanodiamonds. Second, single NV centers are used to capture electrons released from surrounding defects in diamond in a new measurement technique. This allows us to gain new understanding of the charge dynamics of these surrounding defects. Lastly, a novel super-resolution technique is demonstrated with NV centers that uses the naturally formed Airy disk of light focused by a lens. This technique can be readily implemented in other confocal microscopes with little-to-no additional modifications.

The NV center-based measurement techniques introduced in this thesis offer promising new measurement tools that could have large impacts in other research areas, such as quantum computing. For example, the electric field sensing technique could be used to explore the source of surface charge noise in materials used in superconducting qubits or semiconductor quantum dots. The technique using single NV centers to probe charge dynamics also expands our understanding of the charge states of silicon vacancy centers in diamond, which are promising defects for quantum networks. Moreover, the demonstrated new super-resolution technique provides a gateway for other research groups to easily achieve super-resolution in their work and advance their research.
Host: Shimon Kolkowitz
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Thursday, May 18th, 2023

PhD Final Defense
Macroscopic Dark Matter
Time: 10:30 am - 12:30 pm
Place: 5280 Chamberlin
Speaker: Mrunal Prashant Korwar, Department of Physics Graduate Student
Abstract: The notion of macroscopic dark matter, made up of multiple constituent particles, provides an intriguing possibility to explain the nature of dark matter. In this thesis, we present theoretical models, formation mechanisms in the early universe, and experimental search strategies for macroscopic dark matter. For the model aspect, we explore two examples: the electroweak symmetric dark monopole, in which the Higgs-portal interaction alters the electroweak vacuum within the monopole, and primordial black holes of both magnetically charged and uncharged types. While both uncharged black holes and magnetic black holes undergo Hawking evaporation, for the latter, the presence of hairy electroweak-symmetric coronas accelerates the Hawking evaporation, making the magnetic black holes extremal. For the formation mechanism, we propose a new production method for monopoles through parametric resonance. We demonstrate that dark monopoles with a radius up to one micron and a mass of up to ten kilotons could account for all dark matter. To search for macroscopic dark matter objects, we find that monopoles with electroweak-symmetric cores generate multi-hit signatures and deposit significant energy in large-volume neutrino detectors, such as the IceCube neutrino detector, which can probe dark matter masses up to one gram. For uncharged primordial black holes, we update constraints from Hawking evaporation using observations of gamma-ray emissions and identify new targets for future exploration. We also discuss potential detection signatures for extremal magnetic black holes.
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Friday, May 19th, 2023

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